Diabetes in brief.
Diabetes – formerly known as diabetes mellitus – is the most common and widespread metabolic disease. It is characterized by high blood glucose level caused by a (relative or absolute) deficiency of insulin in the body.
Glucose is a simple sugar, the most important source of energy in all organisms – in both, animals and plants – and the main “fuel” of our brain; insulin, instead, is a hormone produced by the pancreas and has the function of regulating glucose level by activating metabolic and cellular processes. Therefore, diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or cells not responding properly to the insulin produced, causing an increase in blood glucose level over a prolonged period of time. In the first instance, the diagnosis of diabetes is made in fact by measuring the blood sugar concentration (glycemia).
It is a chronic disease classified into several types, but all of them have a common characteristic: hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar level) which, if neglected, can cause damage to many body tissues and serious long-term complications.
The most common is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DMT2), generally developed by adults, it primarily occurs as a result of obesity and lack of exercise. In this case, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or cells fail to respond normally to the hormone (insulin resistance). Hence, it is essential for the patient to combine pharmaceutical therapy with a healthy lifestyle, physical activity and proper nutrition.
The Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DMT1) – less frequent and previously known as juvenile diabetes –, is an autoimmune disease that can be developed in childhood. Very little or no insulin is produced by the pancreas due to an autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing cells. This is an irreversible condition, a diabetic diet and exercise are important parts of management, however insulin therapy is required for survival. This means that insulin injections several times a day are needed to keep blood glucose level in check.
In Italy there are approximately 3.7 million diabetes cases, over 425 worldwide, intended to raise up to 522 million by 2030. It seems that the increasingly sedentary lifestyle and bad eating habits may explain the continuous growth of people suffering from this metabolic disorder.
A healthy lifestyle is certainly at the basis of prevention and a valid help of pharmaceutical therapy, however, in living with diabetes, it is essential to monitor the blood sugar and keep it as close as possible to the reference values. A correct acupuncture allows the patient to check blood glucose level independently, following the doctor’s indications regarding the frequency of the measurements. However, the use of a traditional blood glucose meter can be uncomfortable, as it forces the patient to use a lancing device up to ten times a day and sometimes even at night.
Monitoring diabetes can be a constant challenge: keeping a blood glucose diary and using old-fashioned measuring instruments are habits that can affect the quality of life. Menarini Diagnostics – as always – looks out for the needs of patients and offers an innovative and painless solution: GlucoMen Day® CGM System.
A breakthrough for the life of patients: GlucoMen Day® CGM System
GlucoMen Day® CGM System is an innovative device: a patch with a microneedle, wearable for two consecutive weeks. In line with the most modern technologies and the digital revolution, this device was presented last September at the EASD (European Association for the Study of Diabetes) congress in Barcelona and, since last January, is available in many countries, inside and outside Europe.
GlucoMen Day®CGM System consists of:
- a sensor measuring glucose values in the extracellular fluid (ECF), just below the skin;
- a transmitter sending blood glucose level to the app via Bluetooth®;
- an insertion tool which allows the sensor to be applied correctly and easily to the skin;
- an app enabling the control of blood glucose level discreetly, displaying the values directly on smartphone, without the need to scan sensors or use additional devices.
The app also allows to set personalized alarms helping the patient to keep blood glucose levels under control and avoiding dangerous situations. Another extremely important feature is the possibility of sharing data with the doctor or caregivers at any time and viewable on any computer, tablet or phone.
GlucoMen Day®CGM System is eco-friendly, the transmitter and other components can in fact be used for up to five consecutive years.
With GlucoMen Day®CGM System measuring blood glucose level several times a day is no longer necessary, thanks to Menarini Diagnostics the lives of many diabetic patients can change.